News related to Science, Technology, Environment, Agriculture and Medicine in India

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Sensing Hydrogen Sulphide

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November 5, 2019

Hydrogen sulphide, toxic at high concentrations, is an important part of out physiology at very low concentrations. A sensor that is sensitive enough to detect the changes in its concentrations are important in the diagnosis of many diseases. Indian researchers have now found a way, using the chromophore of a fluorescent protein.

Mycorrhyza in paddyfields: Surviving arsenic and salinity

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in soils are known to improve crop productivity. But what if the soil is saline, contaminated with arsenic and is flooded for rice cultivation? How do we improve the diversity and population of these fungi?

Duckweed in Action: Checking xenobiotic pollution

Duckweed may be called a weed, but we may need to change our attitude to it. It may be useful to clean up aquatic ecosystems, says a research team from Doon University. The weed, of course, suffers from Ofloxacin antibiotic in water, but removes it efficiently.

Myrobalan fruit extract for cow mastitis

Vaibhav D. Bhatt and his team from the Saurashtra University, Gujarat have a simple suggestion for treating inflammation of udders in cows. They find that the extract of the fruit powder of Terminalia chebula, a common medicinal tree in India, is effective in treating the infection.

Essential oils to preserve fruits and vegetables

Essential oils from Garlic is great to keep fungal infections on vegetables and fruits. But add essential oils from sesamum and Acorus calamus and you have a fantastic preservative even for soft fruit like plums that spoil easily.

Panchi Nala Glacier: signs of degeneration

Panchi Nala glacier in the Bhaga River basin of the Lahaul-Spiti District, Himachal Pradesh has been degenerating rapidly. It is time to take action, points out scientists from the Ministry of Earth Sciences and Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology.

Composting Crop Residue: fungi that help

Instead of burning crop residue convert it to manure. ICAR scientists searched among landfill to dig out a consortium of thermophilic fungi that can speed up the process of composting. Good quality manure in just four months.

Lantana and Parthenium: from nuisance to good news

Researchers from IARI Delhi and the Banaras Hindu University show that parthenium and lantana, considered obnoxious weeds, are actually useful for farmers, especially those with fields that have potassium deficient acidic soils.

Mahabali in a Well: new snakehead fish

When people saw a new snakehead fish in a well in Pathanamthitta, Kerala, they were confused. Which is this strange fish? Scientists from the ICAR-National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Kochi now tell us the answer.

Extracting Potash from Mica Scrap Using Lime MudĀ 

Researchers from the Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology, Bhubaneshwar report a method to use scrap mica and slime mud, a solid waste from paper industries to produce the much needed potash for agriculture.

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